Stage 2 – Geography – Use of Geographical Tools

students reading maps
Stage 2 students reading 1:25,000 maps of Bournda National Park

Program Overview

Students will focus on using geographical tools during this program.

The students will:

  • examine a variety of different types of maps,
  • use maps to identify location, direction, distance, map references, spatial distributions and patterns,
  • use fieldwork instruments such as measuring devices, maps, photographs, compass
  • use a GPS and examine satellite images

Syllabus Outcomes

Geography K-6

  • GE2-4 acquires and communicates geographical information using geographical tools for inquiry.

Learning Experiences

Activity 1: Orienteering

Students are introduced to a compass, and how to orientate a map using a large scale ‘sheet compass’. Students complete a compass activity in small groups so that all students get a chance to use and understand how a compass works. Students are then introduced to a GPS and complete an orienteering course using the GPS to direct them to hidden markers in the bush.

Activity 2: Making maps

Students explore different types of maps. They use Bournda maps and local 1:25,000 maps to explore location, direction, distance, map references and satellite images. Students work in groups to draw a large scale map of the area from their school to Bournda – using data collected from ‘Spotto’ game on the bus. Students then re-create their map using concrete materials including a key and an estimation of distance.

Activity 3: Mapping games

Students play a range of games linked to the use of a map and compass.

Preparing for an Excursion